88-year-old director Claude Lanzmann returns to his series of documentaries about the extermination of the Jews, the foundation of which was Shoah (1985), a monumental, nearly 10-hour film of interviews with Holocaust survivors. The Last of the Unjust is a recording of conversations conducted in 1975 with Benjamin Murmelstein, the chief rabbi of Vienna who, following the Anschluss, was forced to cooperate with Adolf Eichmann, the main architect of the Final Solution. Murmelstein saved more than 100,000 Jews from death, but like all those who worked with Eichmann, he was accused of collaboration after the war. However, "those people did collaborate of their own free will," the director said in an interview with France’s Libération. "I wanted to show that the so-called Jewish collaborators were not collaborators at all. They did not want to murder Jews. They did not share the Nazi ideology. They were forced to do what they did. And who the real murderers were, we know."
Claude Lanzmann was born in 1925 in Paris to a Jewish Family who had emigrated from Eastern Europe to France. During World War II, he was active in the French Resistance. He has made numerous films about Jewish subjects, the most acclaimed of which is Shoah (1985), a nearly 10-hour documentary of interviews with Holocaust survivals, which is considered the most important work on this subject. He is currently a lecturer at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland.
1972 Dlaczego Izrael? / Pourquoi Israel / Israel, Why (doc.)
1985 Shoah (doc.)
1994 Tsahal (doc.)
2001 Sobibór / Sobibór, 14 octobre 1943, 16 heures / Sobibor (doc.)
2010 Le Rapport Karski (doc.)